Day of Infamy

This day 65 years ago a great armada of ships slipped into range of the US’s Pacific Fleet Headquarters in Pearl Harbor, O’ahu, Hawaii and began what President Roosevelt called a “Day of Infamy.” It was commanded by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo of Japan’s Imperial Navy and made up of:
6 aircraft carriers
2 battleships
3 cruisers
9 destroyers
8 fuel and supply tankers
28 submarines (5 where midget submarines)
441 planes

On Dec. 7, 1941 at 7:53 am Hawaii Time the slaughter began:
Battleship Arizona – un-recovered, remains now a Battle Memorial
Battleship Oklahoma– raise, abandoned
Battleship Utah – un-recovered
Battleship California – raised, refitted and returned to action
Battleship West Virginia – raised, refitted and returned to action
Battleship Nevada – beach, refitted and returned to action
Battleship Maryland – repaired and returned to action
Cruiser Helen – repaired, and returned to action
Cruiser Raleigh – repaired, and returned to action
Cruiser Honolulu – repaired and returned to action
Destroyer Cassin– un-recovered
Destroyer Downes – un-recovered
Destroyer Shaw – raised, refitted and returned to action
2 Destroyers in dry dock – un-recovered
Minelayer Oglala – damaged, and returned to action
Repair vessel Vestal – beached
Seaplane tender Curtiss – damaged, and returned to action
188 American aircraft – destroyed
2,389 Americans – dead
1,178 Americans – wounded

The following men received the Medal of Honor:
Mervyn S. Bennion (posthumously)
John William Finn
Francis C. Flaherty (posthumously)
Samuel G. Fuqua
Edwin J. Hill (posthumously)
Herbert C. Jones (posthumously)
Isaac C. Kidd (posthumously)
Jackson C. Pharris
Thomas J. Reeves (posthumously)
Donald K. Ross
Robert R. Scott (posthumously)
Peter Tomich (posthumously)
Franklin van Valkenburgh (posthumously)
James R. Ward (posthumously)
Cassin Young

World War II went on to claim the lives over 60 million people.

War is not always your choice.

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